日本イスラーム研究所 Japan Islamic Research Institute

Subject: [pakistan-zindabad] The Wisdom Behind Zakah (Alms Giving)
From: "'Adam Mohomed Sait' adammsait8@gmail.com [pakistan-zindabad]" <pakistan-zindabad@yahoogroups.com>
Date: Wed, June 4, 2014 7:50 pm

The Wisdom Behind Zakah (Alms Giving)      
                        Till, when they came to the valley of the ants, one of the
ants said: "O ants! Enter your dwellings, lest Sulaiman
(Solomon) and his hosts should crush you, while they
perceive not."
                        So he [Sulaiman (Solomon)] smiled, amused at her speech and
said: "My Lord! Grant me the power and ability that I may be
grateful for Your Favours which You have bestowed on me and
on my parents, and that I may do righteous good deeds that
will please You, and admit me by Your Mercy among Your
righteous slaves."
                        {Holy Qur’an Surat: 27 An-Naml Verses#18-19}

                        Abu Hurairah (Radi Allahu anhu) reported: 

                        The Prophet (SallAllahu alaihi wasallam) said, "Seven are
(the persons) whom Allah will give protection with His
Shade* on the Day when there will be no shade except His
(i.e. on the Day of Resurrection), and they are: A just
ruler; a youth who grew up with the worship of Allah; a
person whose heart is attached to the Masjid; two person who
love and meet each other and depart from each other for the
sake of Allah; a man whom a beautiful and high ranking woman
seduces (for illicit relation), but he (rejects this offer
by saying):'I fear Allah'; a person who gives a charity and
conceals it (to such an extent) that the left hand might not
know what the right hand has given; and a person who
remember Allah in solitude and his eyes well up"
                        [Al-Bukhari & Muslim]

                        As Taken from Riyad-us-Saliheen
                          Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The
Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Allah the Exalted and
Majestic said: `Every act of the son of Adam is for him,
except As-Siyam (the fasting) which is (exclusively) for
Me, and I will reward him for it. Fasting is a shield.
When anyone of you is observing fast, he should neither
indulge in obscene language nor should he raise his voice;
and if anyone reviles him or tries to quarrel with him, he
should say: `I am fasting. By Him in Whose Hand the soul
of Muhammad is, the breath of one observing Saum is
sweeter to Allah than the fragrance of musk. The one who
fasts, experiences two joys: he feels pleasure when he
breaks the fast. He is joyful by virtue of his fast when
he meets his Rubb."[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
                              In a narration by Al-Bukhari, the Messenger of Allah
(PBUH) said, "Allah says: `(The person observing Saum)
has abstained from food and drink, and sexual
pleasures for My sake; fasting is for Me, and I will
bestow its reward. Every good deed has ten times its
                              In a narration by Muslim, the Messenger of Allah
(PBUH) said, "The reward of every (good) deed of a
person is multiplied from ten to seven hundred times.
Allah (SWT) says: `The reward of observing Saum is
different from the reward of other good deeds; Saum is
for Me, and I Alone will give its reward. The person
observing Saum abstains from food and drink only for
My sake. The fasting person has two joyous occasions,
one at the time of breaking his fast, and the other at
the time of meeting his Rubb. Surely, the breath of
one observing Saum is better smelling to Allah than
the fragrance of musk."

                              "Khuluf", is the smell that comes from the mouth of
person who observes Saum. It results from the thirst
and hunger which he has to suffer during the Saum. The
Hadith not only tells us the merits of Saum but also
brings into focus the true significance of it. Saum is
not thus mere abstention from food, drink and sexual
intercourse, but also keeping away from all evils and
vices and embracing virtues. 
                              217/1215 - Riyad Us-Saliheen (Gardens of the Righteous) 


                        The Wisdom Behind Zakah (Alms Giving)

                        By Maria Zain 
                        Freelance writer,UK

                          The example of those who spend their wealth in the way of
Allah is like a seed [of grain] which grows seven spikes;
in each spike is a hundred grainsWhen the word “Zakah”
springs to mind, most Muslims hear the resounding pillar
or “giving money to the poor.”

                        The Muslim nation has unanimously agreed that Zakah (alms
giving) is one of the five pillars of Islam, to be exact -
it is the third pillar of Islam, after the Shahadah (the
testimonial of faith) and the five daily prayers. The second
Caliph, Umar ibn al-Khattab, said:

                        “I heard the Messenger of Allah say, ‘Islam has been built
upon five things – on testifying that there is no god save
Allah, and that Muhammad is His Messenger; on performing
salah; on giving the zakah; on Hajj to the House; and on
fasting during Ramadan,’” (Al-Bukhari & Muslim, 3)

                        New Muslims are well-versed with the Shahadah, since the
testimonial of faith is what affirms their beliefs in Islam
and are generally familiar with the five daily prayers,
since there is a strong direction to perform them upon
becoming a Muslim.

                                         The Importance of Zakah

                               - Zakah and the Economic System in Islam

                               - Zakah Purifying Wealth

                               - Zakah & Achieving Socio-Economic Justice

                               - Zakat Feeds Pakistan Hospitals

                               - All About Zakat Al-Fitr
                        The Zakah, however, can get lost in translation, as it is
not simply “giving money to the poor.” The Zakah is a
comprehensive taxation system that encourages the
redistribution of wealth to those who are in need, in
accordance to the Quran’s classifications of who falls
within these categories.

                        Zakah is not recognized as a charity, which is calculated
over and above what is obligated upon a person to pay, and
neither should it be regarded as a burden, much like
conventional taxes are seen as a financial obligation that
sometimes becomes a hardship.

                        Legally, according to the Fiqh Al-Ibadat, by Hajjah Durriah
Al-Ayta, Zakah is the sum of money or an amount of property
taken out of collected personal assets, within certain
conditions and designated to specific recipients.

                        This sum of money is called Zakah because wealth grows by
virtue of giving it away and because it purifies the one who
donates it from sins and shows his increase in good. Even in
the legal sense, scholars recognize Zakah as an integral
part of worship, as it brings benefits upon the person who
pays it and also upon the recipient.

                        Many Muslim scholars have also expressed their belief that
if the payment of alms was administered correctly, i.e.,
every person who is capable of paying alms does so
diligently, and the channeling of alms giving is also done
correctly, i.e., given to the correct recipients, there
would be no poor person in the Muslim community, as it is by
virtue of God’s calculation and methodology as to how Zakah
is the best way to fight poverty and financial hardship.

                        The obligation therefore falls upon every capable Muslim to
engage in alms payments and for the authorities who handle
the collection to ensure the correct distribution of wealth.

                        The Blessings of Zakah

                              Zakah means growth, a concept that denotes great
                        The blessings of Zakah can be seen through its literal
meaning as far as the obligations of Islam are concerned.
Zakah means growth, a concept that denotes great blessings.
To understand why there are blessings behind alms giving,
one has to understand that it is a form of purification. The
Quran reads: {Truly he succeeds that purifies it.} (91: 7)

                        Because Islam involves using the wide lens when talking
about enjoining good and forbidding evil, all Muslims have
to cohesively work together to create a strong sense of
unity. Through alms giving, blessings are shared within the
nation because God has ordained for people who have wealth
to channel a portion of wealth to those who are in need. 
                        As Muslims, temptation through worldly materialism becomes
the foremost worry as the world’s offerings are only
temporary in nature but the consequences of obsessing over
materialistic wealth can be terrifyingly permanent.

                        Zakah therefore curbs materialistic whims by reminding
able-earning Muslims of the less fortunate by removing
excessive wealth that could lead to extravagant lifestyles.
The concept of Zakah also reminds able-earning Muslims that
the blessings they receive come from God and need to be
distributed amongst all Muslims so none are left in the
poverty lurch.

                        Zakah is such a serious commandment from God that the caliph
and staunch companion of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon
him), Abu Bakr said that:

                        “By the name of Allah, I will fight who differentiate
between prayer and zakah for zakah is the right of money.”
(Al-Bukhari, 6924)

                              The Quran also lists out the recipient of alms to
ensure fairness 
                        This may sound intimidating for those who are learning about
alms giving, but there is wisdom behind such distribution of
wealth, and it can be seen through the “nisab of Zakah”,
which is the known minimum of which alms is obligated upon.
The nisab is actually a very low figure and only applies to
certain forms of income so not every single cent is taxed.
The Quran also lists out the recipient of alms to ensure
fairness and by understanding who these recipients are, not
fulfilling the obligation of alms can be seen as a very
wrongful misdemeanor.

                        The Recipients of Zakah

                        To ensure fairness in the distribution of Zakah, God specifies:

                        {Alms are for the poor and the needy; and those employed to
administer (the funds); for those whose hearts have been
(recently) reconciled (to truth); for those in bondage and
in debt; in the cause of Allah; and for the wayfarer: (thus
is it) ordained by Allah, and Allah is full of knowledge and
wisdom} ( 9: 60)

                        The poor in this verse of the Quran are those with no wealth
at all and is unable to sustain themselves through a halal
(permissible) occupation. This person perhaps has only
sufficient wealth to sustain less than half of his or her
needs (food, housing and clothing).

                        A needy person on the other hand is faring better than a
poor person but is still unable to make ends meet due to
loans or a deferred payment and can receive alms until he or
she has been removed from such a financial need.

                        The administrators of Zakah (who are well-versed in Zakah
and its rulings) receive a salary from the Zakah funds to
compensate them for their work. Those whose hearts are to be
reconciled can be broken down into two groups: new reverts
who are still learning about Islam, (especially former
non-Muslim leaders to aid in their dawah work); and
influential Muslims who will protect Muslims from
non-believers and protect Muslims from those who refuse to
pay Zakah.

                              Like any other form of worship, making a Zakah payment
becomes a pleasure for a believing Muslim. 
                        Next, those in debt are also recipients of alms, as well as
those who volunteer to fight for the cause of Allah (through
the funds of a Muslim state). Lastly, travelers who are
stranded and need to return to their homeland are also
rightful recipients of alms.

                        What is Zakatable?

                        Generally speaking, income (personal and business income),
property and savings are taxable in today’s context. But
according to Islamic jurisprudence, alms giving are
obligated upon livestock, staple grain and fruit, money
(gold and silver) and trade goods. The nisab upon each of
these categories differ, so it is best to look up the exact
amount with a scholar who is well versed in calculating the
value of Zakah for the person who wishes to make such a

                        More importantly is knowing who needs to pay alms. Every
sane Muslim who is an owner or recipient of any of the above
and has been and owns or receives above thenisab, is
required to make a alms payment. Alms payments were
traditionally collected on a daily basis but scholars have
mentioned that they may be paid annually, much like taxes.

                        Believing in the Wisdom behind Zakah

                        Like any other form of worship, making a Zakah payment
becomes a pleasure for a believing Muslim as the intention
to pay it and to reap the blessings in doing so surpass the
importance of materialistic wealth to survive the challenges
of the world.

                        Zakah cleanses the heart, purifies the mind and soul and
reaches out to much needing Muslims, who in turn become
stronger believers through the special bond between one
Muslim and another and with God. All this is done with the
conviction that God’s direction on alms holds strong and is
an obligation upon every able Muslim as it is the third
pillar of Islam.


                        Prophet ABRAHAM (pbuh) prayed for the TEACHER for his people

                        [ALLAH'S Quran - 2:129 – Laleh Bakhtiar] “Our Lord! And
raise Thou up, then, in the midst of them, a Messenger from
among them who will recount to them Thy signs and teach them
the Book, and wisdom and make them pure. Truly, Thou, Thou
alone art The Almighty, The Wise.”  

                        ALLAH (SWT) Sent The TEACHER

                        [ALLAH'S Quran - 2:151 – Laleh Bakhtiar]  “as We sent to you
a Messenger from among you who recounts Our signs to you,
and makes you pure, and teaches you the Book and wisdom, and
teaches you what you be knowing not.”

                        [ALLAH'S Quran - 3:164 – Laleh Bakhtiar] “Certainly, God
showed grace to the ones who believe when he raised up among
them a Messenger from themselves who recounts His signs to
them and makes them pure and teaches them the Book and
wisdom. And, truly, before that they had been, certainly,
clearly wandering astray.”

                        [Bukhari, Book #56, Hadith #667] “Narrated 'Abdullah bin
'Amr: The Prophet said, "Convey (my teachings) to the people
even if it were a single sentence, and tell others the
stories of Bani Israel (which have been taught to you), for
it is not sinful to do so. And whoever tells a lie on me
intentionally, will surely take his place in the (Hell)

                        [Bukhari, Book #74, Hadith #281] “Narrated Ibn Mas'ud:
Allah's Apostle taught me the Tashah-hud as he taught me a
Sura from the Quran, while my hand was between his hands.
(Tashah-hud was) all the best compliments and the prayers
and the good things are for Allah. Peace and Allah's Mercy
and Blessings be on you, O Prophet! Peace be on us and on
the pious slaves of Allah, I testify that none has the right
to be worshipped but Allah, and I also testify that Muhammad
is Allah's slave and His Apostle. (We used to recite this in
the prayer) during the lifetime of the Prophet , but when he
had died, we used to say, "Peace be on the Prophet.”

                        [Muslim, Book #004, Hadith #1904] “Abu Rifa'a reported: I
came to the Holy Prophet (way peace be upon him) when he was
delivering the sermon, and I said: Messenger of Allah, here
is a stranger and he wants to learn about his religion and
he does not know what his religion is. The Messenger of
Allah (may peace be upon him) looked at me and left his
sermon till he came to me, and he was given a chair and I
thought that Its legs were made of iron. The Messenger of
Allah (may peace be upon him) sat In it and he began to
teach me what Allah had taught him. He then came (to the
pulpit) for his sermon and completed it to the end.”

                        [Sunan Abudawud, Book #7, Hadith #1396] “Narrated Amr ibn
al-'As: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) taught me fifteen
prostrations while reciting the Qur'an, including three in
al-Mufassal and two in Surah al-Hajj.”


                        Never forget To Pray To ALLAH, The MASTER CREATOR

                        [ALLAH'S Quran - 2:45 - Shakir] "And seek assistance through
patience and prayer, and most surely it is a hard thing
except for the humble ones,"

                        The Prophet (pbuh) has said:

                        [Bukhari, Book #21, Hadith #263] "O Allah! I ask guidance
from Your Knowledge, And Power from Your Might and I ask for
Your great blessings. You are capable and I am not. You Know
and I do not and You Know the unseen. O Allah! If You Know
that This job is good for my religion and my subsistence and
in my Hereafter--(or said: If it is better for my present
and later needs)--Then You ordain it for me and make it easy
for me to get, And then bless me in it, and if You Know that
This job is harmful tome In my religion and subsistence and
in the Hereafter--(or said: If it is worse for my present
and later needs)--Then keep it away from me and let me be
away from it. And ordain for me whatever is good for me, And
make me satisfied with it). The Prophet added that then the
person should name (mention) his need."

                        The Ruling Concerning Putting a Knife on a Child in Order to
Protect Him

                        Question: I have seen some people placing a knife on their
small children saying, "This is so the Jinn do not come to
him." Is this practice correct?

                        Answer: This is an objectionable act and there is no sound
source for it. It is not allowed to do such a thing. What is
legally sanctioned is to seek refuge from them by Allah’s
complete words from every devil and poisonous pest, as has
been confirmed from the Prophet (sallallaahu
alaihi-wasallam). He use to seek protection by those words
for his grandsons al-Hasan and al-Husain ibn Ali. It is also
sanctioned to make dua for them by asking Allah to protect
them from every evil.
                        As for putting a knife or something similar, or iron, wood
or other substances, with the belief that such will protect
them from the jinn, it is an evil practice that is not

                        Similar is the ruling with respect to hanging an amulet over
them, which is what is called al-tama’im. This is not
allowed because the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi-wasallam)
said, "Whoever hangs an amulet, Allah will not complete [his
affair] for him." [1]

                        In another narration the Prophet (sallallaahu
‘alaihi-wasallam) said, "Whoever wears an amulet has
committed Shirk ." [2]

                        May Allah bestow understanding of the religion upon all
Muslims, and steadfastness in the religion. We seek refuge
for ourselves and them from everything that differs from His
pure law.


                        [1] Recorded by Ahmed, Ibn Hibban and others.
                        [2] Recorded by Ahmed, al al-Hakim.

                        Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez Bin Baz
                        Islamic Fatawa Regarding Women - Darussalam Pg.39-40
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